nginx [engine x] is a HTTP server and mail proxy server written by Igor Sysoev.
Varnish is an HTTP accelerator designed for content-heavy dynamic web sites. In contrast to other web accelerators, such as Squid, which began life as a client-side cache, or Apache and nginx, which are primarily origin servers, Varnish was designed as an HTTP accelerator. Varnish is focused exclusively on HTTP, unlike other pro...
Content Security Policy is best used as defense-in-depth, to reduce the harm caused by content injection attacks.