Google Publisher Tag (GPT) is an ad tagging library with which you can dynamically build ad requests. GPT takes key details from you such as ad unit name, ad size, and custom targeting, builds the request, and displays the ad on web pages or mobile apps.
A pingback is one of four types of linkback methods for Web authors to request notification when somebody links to one of their documents. This enables authors to keep track of who is linking to, or referring to their articles.
Open graph description entity tag